Helping You Save Lives!



The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada sets the guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) training to improve the odds of survival from Canada’s leading cause of death. Knowing how to respond to a cardiac emergency can increase a person’s odds of survival and recovery by 30% or more.

Through a nationwide network of healthcare professionals, targeted responders and members of the public, every year more than 1 million Canadians are trained in basic CPR.

A founding member of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), which is responsible for updating and revising international scientific guidelines for Resuscitation, the Foundation has been a strong advocate for increased public access to AED’s – machines used to restart the heart.

The 2010 Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) are the most current guidelines available. As a member of ILCOR, the Foundation has played an important part in ensuring that Canadian training materials reflect the most current scientific knowledge. We also play a leadership role in disseminating these new guidelines to all CPR trainers and training agencies across Canada.

Find the 2010 guidelines for CPR and ECC at

What is a heart attack?

When the blood supply to the heart is slowed or stopped because of a blockage, a heart attack occurs. Atherosclerosis, the narrowing of coronary arteries due to plaque buildup, causes more than 90% of heart attacks.

What is cardiac arrest?

Cardiac arrest – or sudden cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death – is a medical emergency. When a person stops breathing and the heart stops beating, then a person is experiencing cardiac arrest. (Cardiac arrest is not a heart attack, which is when the blood supply to the heart is slowed or stopped because of a blockage.)