CPR Steps. Remember if the patients color looks bad they are probably in trouble.
If the patient takes gasping breaths with long pauses in between accompanied by bad color this is not normal breathing START CPR...
1. Check for response - "Are you ok?" while making some type of physical contact (tap on shoulder or arm). If no response not breathing or no normal breathing ( only gasping).
2. Call/Send for help.
3. Get a defibrillator if available.
4. Start chest compressions with a 30:2 ratio (30 compressions, followed by 2 breaths) this 30:2 ratio is used for adults children and infants, place your hands into the CENTER of the adult or child victims chest, place one hand on top of the other and press down the chest, min 2 inches for adults and children and push HARD!. For infants place 2 fingers in line with the nipples and press down 1 to 1.5 inches but do it hard. Continue until further help arrives, or the AED arrives. DO NOT stop CPR to place the AED unless you are alone, AND ONLY STOP CPR TO GIVE TWO BREATHS IF YOU ARE GOING TO GIVE BREATHS!
REMEMBER, PUSH HARD PUSH FAST, MIN OF 100 COMPRESSIONS PER MINUTE
5. Give two rescue breaths (just enough to cause chest rise) only 1 second each through a mask. If no mask is available go right into HANDS ONLY CPR... do not stop at 30 to imitate breaths if your not using a mask. Do continuous compressions until a mask arrives or other trained personel take over.
6. REMEMBER TO PUSH HARD AND FAST, MINIMUM OF 100 COMPRESSIONS PER MINUTE, YOU CAN'T HURT THE PATIENT ANYMORE THAN THEY ALREADY ARE.
Once a defibrillator arrives, Remove the pads and attach to patient and follow the voice prompts. Although training does instill confidence for these types of situations anyone can use an AED. Simply follow the voice prompts, its that easy, push the shock button if advised but make sure no one is touching the victim.